5 Cat Breeds Most Prone to Kidney Disease

Many of us are familiar with the phrase “cats have nine lives,” but it’s crucial to remember that they are susceptible to various health issues, much like any other pet. One such health concern is kidney disease. 

Kidney disease in cats can be chronic or acute, with chronic kidney disease being more common. Kidney disease can affect cats of all ages and breeds, though certain breeds are more prone to this condition than others.

The kidneys are vital organs that perform numerous functions, including removing waste and excess water from the body, helping to regulate blood pressure, and promoting the production of red blood cells. When the kidneys start to malfunction, these functions are compromised, leading to various health issues, including kidney failure.

The five cat breeds most prone to kidney disease

When it comes to kidney disease, certain cat breeds exhibit a higher predisposition. Understanding these breeds and their susceptibility to kidney disease can help cat owners take proactive measures to prevent or manage the condition. The five cat breeds most prone to kidney disease include the British Shorthair, Burmese, Persian, Ragdoll, and Tonkinese.

1. British Shorthair

cats prone to kidney disease
Image: British Shorthair Cat

The British Shorthair, with its plush coat and round face, is a popular cat breed known for its calm and easy-going nature. These cats make excellent companions but are also one of the breeds most susceptible to kidney disease.

Studies suggest that British Shorthairs are genetically predisposed to develop polycystic kidney disease (PKD). This condition is characterized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys, leading to progressive renal dysfunction.

2. Burmese

cat breeds prone to kidney problems
Image: Burmese Cat

The Burmese cat, recognized for its muscular body and expressive eyes, is another breed prone to kidney disease. These cats are typically active, playful, and sociable, making them a favorite among cat lovers.

However, Burmese cats have been found to have a high incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD is characterized by a gradual loss of kidney function over time. Regular monitoring of your cat’s health can help detect any signs of CKD early and manage the disease effectively.

3. Persian

Cats prone to kidney diseases
Image: Persian Cat

The Persian cat, renowned for its long, luxurious coat and sweet demeanor, is not only one of the oldest but also one of the most popular cat breeds. Persian cats are especially vulnerable to polycystic kidney disease (PKD).

PKD is a hereditary condition, and a significant percentage of Persians carry the gene for this disease. Regular health screenings and genetic testing can help identify the risk of PKD in Persian cats.

4. Ragdoll

cats prone to kidney infections
Image: Ragdoll Cat

Ragdolls are known for their striking blue eyes, semi-longhair coats, and affectionate nature. These cats are often described as dog-like due to their tendency to follow their owners around the house.

Despite their robust appearance, Ragdolls have a high prevalence of kidney disease, specifically chronic kidney disease (CKD). Like other breeds, early detection and treatment can make a significant difference in managing CKD in Ragdolls.

5. Tonkinese

breeds of cat likely to suffer kidney disease
Image: Tonkinese Cat

The Tonkinese cat, a crossbreed between the Burmese and Siamese cats, is known for its playful and outgoing personality. These cats are also known for their striking eyes and soft, short coats.

Unfortunately, like their Burmese counterparts, Tonkinese cats are prone to chronic kidney disease (CKD). Regular health check-ups and maintaining a balanced diet can help manage this breed’s predisposition to CKD.

Preventive Measures for Kidney Disease in Susceptible Cat Breeds

While some risk factors for kidney disease, such as breed and age, can’t be changed, there are preventive measures you can take to help protect your cat’s kidney health. Ensuring your cat has a balanced diet, with controlled levels of protein and phosphorus, can help to maintain healthy kidneys.

Regular exercise can also help to prevent obesity, another risk factor for kidney disease. Providing plenty of fresh water and encouraging your cat to drink can also benefit their kidney health.

Exposure to easily accessible toxins such as antifreeze, rat poison, certain insecticides or herbicides, and petals, leaves, and pollen of true lilies is a common cause of kidney disease in cats. Keep them away from your pet to reduce their risk of kidney problems.

Tips for Caring for a Cat with Kidney Disease

If your cat has been diagnosed with kidney disease, it’s crucial to provide them with the right care to manage their condition and improve their quality of life. This includes feeding them a diet for cats with kidney disease, ensuring they always have access to fresh water, and administering any prescribed medications.

Regular check-ups are crucial for all cats, but they’re especially important for breeds more susceptible to kidney disease. These check-ups allow your vet to monitor your cat’s overall health and detect any early signs of kidney disease.

By catching kidney disease early, you can start treatment sooner, which can slow the disease’s progression and improve your cat’s quality of life.


As a cat owner, understanding the health issues your pet might face, like kidney disease, is essential. This is especially true if your cat is of a breed that’s more prone to this condition. Educating yourself about kidney disease and taking preventive measures can help ensure your cat lives a long, healthy, and happy life. Regular vet check-ups, early detection, and proper care can make a world of difference. After all, our feline friends deserve the very best we can provide.